Freight Market Update: September 5, 2018
Ocean, trucking, and air freight rates and trends for the week of September 5, 2018.
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Ocean Freight Market Updates
TPEB Services Full Into Late September
TPEB space is full/rolling, and we recommend booking services as early as possible - at least 3-4 weeks before ETD. Please also note that carriers will be implementing blank sailings closer to Golden Week in early October which will further constrict space.
Updates for Far East Westbound (FEWB) Lane:
- Equipment shortage in East China, mainly Ningbo
- Typhoon season has led to delays and build a small backlog
- Felixstowe remains a challenge in Europe, with services omitting and performing cut and run on several occasions
- Carriers are announcing void sailings ahead of Golden Week
**Despite Stable Capacity, Ro-Ro Sector Remains On Guard **
The roll on, roll off (ro-ro) sector remains on guard due to factors such as threatened tariffs, depressed freight rates, and looming IMO 2020 emissions regulations, reports JOC.
Overbooked Ships Cause Thousands of Containers to Roll
U.S. importers are having a more difficult time this year getting their cargo on ships due to the very low capacity. JOC reports, “The eagerness of carriers to capitalize upon an early surge in cargo resulting from importers’ panic over Trump administration tariffs, typhoons in Asia, and a calculated reduction in capacity, is fraying relationships with customers.”
We recommend booking shipments as early as possible to guarantee space.
India’s Monsoon Season is in Effect
Monsoon season is in effect from June through October:
- We highly advise shrink wrapping all FCL/LCL pallets and cartons that may be prone to being affected at the time of origin stuffing
- Expect vessel delays/port closures due to weather constraints
- Indian POL’s that receive the most rainfall are Chennai, Tuticorin, and Kochi
Peak Season Came Early This Year
U.S. import volumes are increasing ahead of the holiday retail season for a number of reasons, including:
- Capacity cuts and service changes
- Tariff deadlines
- Slow Q1 & Q2
Read the full analysis from Flexport’s VP of Ocean Freight here.
**Trans-Pacific Peak Season Sees Higher Rates **
U.S. importers shipping in trans-Pacific should expect higher rates, as peak season has caused very low capacity on most ships. As JOC reports, “Ocean carriers in certain cases are holding the line on weekly minimum quantity commitments (MQC) as they have done in prior periods of tight capacity, meaning that any given shipper will be allocated only one week’s worth of capacity out of its total annual MQC.”
Impact of New IMO ECA Regulations
The International Maritime Organization has mandated under new Emission Control Area regulations that by 2020, all merchant vessels must reduce their sulphur emissions to 0.5% from 3.5%.
Whether they upgrade their vessels or their fuel, carriers will need to undertake significant changes to comply with the new regulations, and those changes will come at a cost to shippers. Rates may climb between now and 2020 as a result.
Air Freight Market Updates
Air Freight Market Looking ‘Weak’ Amid Approaching Peak Season
Air volume growth was “virtually flat” in July, reports The Loadstar. Despite this, volume growth year-over-year is still up with rates 15-20% higher than in 2017.
According to a report from Logindex, global industrial production will reach its lowest monthly increase since July 2015. The report noted that the trade tariffs have now begun to negatively affect volumes, predicting a weak September. “Also, Chinese export growth, YoY, will likely slow down from 12.2% in July to 7% in August and 4.5% in September.”
Trucking Market Updates
Early trans-Pac Peak Means Higher Truck Rates Ahead
JOC reports that the early peak shipping season could mean earlier-than-usual rate increases for truck and intermodal shipments in the U.S. As capacity tightens and rates increase, we recommend booking shipments as early as possible.
U.S. Businesses Feel the Effects of Low Trucking Capacity
As factories ramp up production to meet the needs of the fast-growing U.S. economy, many businesses report that it’s been very difficult to find trucking capacity in the current market.
This is affecting companies to the point of cutting their full-year earnings reports, as they know they won’t be able to move product as previously expected.
**U.S. Truckload Carriers Predict Even Tighter Capacity Ahead **
With no indication that freight demand is slowing down anytime soon, trucking carriers are experiencing rapid revenue growth. As a result, shippers who don’t book in advance may be out of luck when looking for capacity.