Ocean, trucking, and air freight rates and trends for the week of October 10, 2018.
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Hurricane Michael, which made landfall as a Category 4+ hurricane on Mexico Beach, Florida early Wednesday afternoon, is approximately 60 miles south-southwest of Macon, Georgia as of Wednesday evening. The storm continues to move inward, and is expected to cause over a million power outages and significant flooding.
None of our clients’ shipments are expected to be affected, and our Ops squads will be in touch with any necessary updates.
As the IMO 2020 start date of January 1, 2020, approaches, Hapag-Lloyd is preparing customers with a new Marine Fuel Recovery mechanism. The mechanism, which will replace all existing fuel-related charges, will be gradually implemented from January 1, 2019, and aims to bring transparency to the calculation of costs.
According to a statement from Hapag-Lloyd, the mechanism, “takes into account various parameters, such as the vessel consumption per day, fuel type & price (specific for HSFO, LSFO 0.5% and LSFO 0.1%), sea and port days, and carried TEU.”
Carriers suffered heavy losses in the first six months of the year and have cut more than 200,000 TEUs of headhaul capacity this month to slow the spot rate decrease, but Maersk, MSC, and CMA CGM negated the initiative by cutting FAK rates. According to The Loadstar, sliding spot rates will likely put carrier negotiators “on the back foot” as they get ready for annual contract renewals with major customers.
The International Maritime Organization has mandated under new Emission Control Area regulations that by 2020, all merchant vessels must reduce their sulfur emissions to 0.5% from 3.5%.
Whether they upgrade their vessels or their fuel, carriers will need to undertake significant changes to comply with the new regulations, and those changes will come at a cost to shippers. Rates may climb between now and 2020 as a result.
UK ports are very congested, which is causing a decline in port productivity and tight trucking capacity. Services are full 14 days out, and we recommend booking in advance to secure space and minimize risk of rolling.
Trucking/intermodal capacity is very tight in North Europe due to a surge in volumes.
As we head into a traditional off-peak season, between Golden Week and Chinese New Year, carriers are announcing blank sailings that will impact services for shippers, especially on the high volume Trans-Pacific Eastbound (TPEB) and Far East Westbound (FEWB) lanes.
For a list of upcoming cancellations and information including how blank sailings may impact shipments and how to mitigate issues, check out our new blog post.
Monsoon season is in effect from June through October:
U.S. importers shipping in trans-Pacific should expect higher rates, as peak season has caused very low capacity on most ships. As JOC reports, “Ocean carriers in certain cases are holding the line on weekly minimum quantity commitments (MQC) as they have done in prior periods of tight capacity, meaning that any given shipper will be allocated only one week’s worth of capacity out of its total annual MQC.”
The transpacific air freight sector sees tight capacity and high rates as peak season soars, reports The Loadstar. Aside from standard peak season causes, the threat of a new round of tariffs has motivated many to move up shipments. Europe’s peak season is likely to begin soon, as well.
Minor operational changes are causing large bottlenecks for the UK road freight sector, reports Lloyd’s Loading List. This is attributed to a number of factors, including IT failures, driver shortages, underinvestment, and rising costs. If demand continues to outweigh demand, it’s possible that rates will increase in the near future.
JOC reports that the early peak shipping season could mean earlier-than-usual rate increases for truck and intermodal shipments in the U.S. As capacity tightens and rates increase, we recommend booking shipments as early as possible.
As factories ramp up production to meet the needs of the fast-growing U.S. economy, many businesses report that it’s been very difficult to find trucking capacity in the current market. This is affecting companies to the point of cutting their full-year earnings reports, as they know they won’t be able to move product as previously expected.