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Freight Market Update: February 7, 2023

Ocean and air freight rates and trends; customs and trade industry news plus Covid-19 impacts for the week of February 7, 2023.

Freight Market Update: February 7, 2023

Upcoming webinars:

Flexport’s Platform Demo | Weds, February 8 @ 12:00 pm PT / 3:00 pm ET

North America Freight Market Update Live | Thurs, February 9 @ 9:00 am PT / 12:00 pm ET

European Freight Market Update Live | Tues, February 21 @ 16:00 CET / 15:00 GMT

Ocean Freight Market Update

Asia → North America (TPEB)

  • Transpacific Eastbound (TPEB) capacity remains open and available post-Lunar New Year (LNY).
    • U.S.: The space and volume crunch around LNY appears back to normal but market capacity has remained higher than in years past. Expect routine blank sailings to continue in attempts to stabilize rates.
    • Canada: Market and rate conditions are similar to the U.S. Vancouver continues to see stable vessel dwell counts (2 vessels) as well as berthing delays (9 days, 10 days for rail dwell). The low TPEB demand is further playing a key role in keeping West Coast port and rail congestion low.
  • Rates: Soft on most origin-destination combinations.
  • Space: Open.
  • Capacity/Equipment: Open.
  • Recommendation: Book at least 2 weeks prior to cargo ready date (CRD), and keep upcoming blank sailings in mind.

Asia → Europe (FEWB)

  • Space remains open in this post-LNY period. Booking intake is gradually improving but volumes for the next few weeks are still at a low level. Rates are under pressure again due to low demand post-LNY.
  • Rates: Generally reduced or extended for the first half of February and the same is expected for the second half.
  • Capacity/Equipment: High post-LNY blank sailings in weeks 6/7/8 to adjust for the decrease in demand. Week 9 will almost be back up to normal capacity.
  • Recommendation: Allow flexibility when planning your shipments due to anticipated congestion and delays.

Europe → North America (TAWB)

  • Up until now, the number of blank sailings in the trade has been minimal despite lower demand. Capacity is still set to increase in the weeks to come as MSC and Maersk are adding more vessels in the Mediterranean loops.
  • Rates: The downward trend continues and is set to last for the coming months as demand is not picking up at the same pace as 2022.
  • Space: Due to the easing of congestion, space in U.S. East Coast (USEC) and U.S. West Coast (USWC) is coming online.
  • Capacity/Equipment: Equipment availability is getting better as congestion eases. Low empty stacks at inland depots are also getting better in some areas, but prioritize pick-up from the Port of Loading if possible.
  • Recommendation: Book 2-3 or more weeks prior to CRD. Request premium service for higher reliability and no-roll.

Indian Subcontinent → North America

  • LNY brings blanks sailings and equipment issues as lack of Chinese imports results in less containers being repositioned and causes blank sailings on shared TPEB-India Subcontinent (ISC) services. This is expected to continue into early February.
  • Rates: Continuing to drop week over week.
  • Space: Open
  • Capacity/Equipment: Capacity is being removed as carriers implement blank sailings. We are starting to see this happen on services to both the U.S. East coast (USEC) and U.S. West Coast (USWC).
  • Recommendation: Be open to procuring equipment from wet ports vs. inland container depots as equipment deficits are being felt in many areas. Diversify your carrier strategy for coverage in case of blank sailings.

North America → Asia

  • Capacity is available across all major services, supply has far outpaced Demand, and carriers are digging for volume opportunities.
  • All services to the Asia Pacific (APAC) region have very low capacity utilization levels with no space constraints.
  • Congestion has been cleared out across most North American container yards with improved operations as a result of less demand.
  • Equipment is available and ample in most major markets.
  • Extended blank sailing programs have not been introduced or considered, so the outlook for Q1 is that most of the existing capacity will remain in place.
  • Agricultural season kicking up in Q1 may have an impact on capacity availability in the near future. Even with that peak, the outlook is for supply to remain greater than Demand.
  • Rates: Rates are trending slightly downwards MoM and QoQ on certain lanes from coastal ports (USEC, USWC) to Asia base ports in China, Japan, Taiwan, S. Korea. All carriers are trying to push cargo onto these lanes/services. Carriers made some adjustments in early Jan and since then the rate levels have remained flat. Deals below existing market levels are available for consistent volume opportunities.
  • Space: Very open, allocation requests can be made to carriers for high volume weeks or projects with a high probability of acceptance.
  • Capacity/Equipment: no major capacity changes in the market aside from blank 2 sailing weeks in Feb, with nothing planned beyond that. No major equipment hurdles to highlight in the U.S.
  • Recommendation: book 1-2 weeks prior to CRD on all coastal to Asia-based port lanes, and book 2-3 weeks prior to CRD on all inland to Asia and feeder port lanes.

North America → Europe

  • Capacity from the USEC is available, services from Gulf and USWC remain tight—the market is stable.
  • Most USEC to N. Europe (NEU) and Mediterranean (MED) services have low capacity utilization levels with NO space constraints.
  • Gulf Coast to NEU and MED services continue to have medium to high utilization levels as the market has seen a reintroduction of capacity with the OCEAN alliance services which has provided some relief. Still there are some inconsistencies in the schedules from the Gulf.
  • The USWC to NEU, MED services are still VERY limited in options and therefore utilization levels are artificially high. There is no positive outlook for the rest of Q1.
  • Rates: Rates are trending slightly downward MoM and QoQ on USEC to NEU lanes. Carriers made adjustments early in Q1 and since then rates have remained flat. Gulf and USWC rates were not adjusted in Q1 given the utilization levels on those services. Carriers are willing to make deals for USEC deals.
  • Space: Space is open from USEC, manageable from Gulf, and very limited from USWC.
  • Capacity/Equipment: no major capacity changes in the market, with no blank sailings planned for Feb. No major equipment hurdles to highlight in the US.
  • Recommendation: book 2 weeks prior to CRD on all EC to NEU, MED lanes, book 3 weeks prior to CRD on all Gulf to NEU, MED lanes, book 4 weeks prior to CRD for all PSW to NEU lanes.

North America Vessel Dwell Times

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Air Freight Market Update


  • N. China: The market is slow with capacity outpacing demand, which was low at the beginning of the week but is slowly starting to pickup.
  • S. China: Demand has not recovered post-LNY and rates have decreased compared to last week.
  • Taiwan: The market is operating normally with demand picking up slightly after LNY.
  • Korea: Demand is slack with the market unlikely to pickup anytime soon.
  • SE Asia: Demand ex-Southeast Asia overall remains low with capacity widely available. Vietnam especially is seeing a downwards trend for the export market.


  • Demand has increased as production operations return back to normal after the holiday period, this is reflected in the rate levels as they have also increased in line with demand levels.
  • Lead days are stable at the moment as airline utilization is high & uplift can be procured within 2 days of CRD. No disruptions have been recorded across the main EMEA hubs & and no congestion across point pairs.


  • Export demand remains steady from all markets.
  • US airports are running at a normal pace.
  • Capacity is opening up further, especially into Europe.
  • Rates remain stable week over week.

Trucking & Intermodal


  • Due to inflation/soaring costs to operate trucking/barge/rail the GRI for 2023 is expected to be around 10-15% (excluding fuel surcharge). Dropping volumes will not affect this, as this is based on cost to operate and truck carriers barely have any margins.
  • Capacity is still fragile despite declining container volumes caused by a continuous shortage of drivers and delayed delivery of newly ordered trucks.
  • There is an increase of trucking carriers looking into alternative fuels (HVO, electric and hydrogen) to decrease CO2 footprint.


Import/Export Market Trends

  • Congestion continues at Canadian ports and rail ramps. Yard utilization at Vancouver remains high; this congestion is partially due to ongoing congestion in Toronto and Montreal.
  • Memphis, Dallas, and Chicago continue to see excessive rail dwell times and congestion, > 14 days.
  • Savannah, Houston, and Oakland are seeing increased congestion, vessel bunching, and multiple vessels at anchor.
  • Highway Diesel have dropped month over month across the board.
    • East Coast ($5.336/gallon), Midwest ($5.108/gallon), and Gulf coast ($4.699/gallon)
    • West Coast ($5.666/gallon), California ($6.006/gallon), and Rocky Mountain ($5.392/gallon)
    • British Columbia, Quebec, and Ontario $5.875/gallon (~$7.980 CAD/gallon)

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US Domestic Trucking Market Trends

  • The national Outbound Tender Rejection Index (OTRI) failed to rise above 6% during the week of Christmas for the first time in its five-year history.
  • Rapid demand erosion resulting from overstuffed inventories and eroding consumption coming out of an overstimulated goods economy are the main factors driving the weakening transportation markets. These conditions are forecast to persist through the first half of 2023 at a minimum.
  • With little to no disruption to carrier networks, the spot market will be filled with discounted freight in what is typically the slowest time of the year for domestic trucking.

Customs and Compliance News

Section 301 Exclusions Extended for Medical Products

The Office of the U.S. Trade Representative (USTR) announced it will extend exclusions from the Section 301 tariffs for 81 medical products. Originally set to expire on February 28, the exclusions will now remain in effect until May 15. Additionally, the USTR opened a public docket for interested parties to submit comments on further extending the medical product exclusions. Public comments must be submitted by March 7, 2023.

CBP Highlights FY 2022 Trade Statistics

Customs and Border Protection (CBP) released its “Top 2022 Accomplishments,” including increases in customs entry volume and forced labor enforcement. In FY 2022, CBP processed 39.1 million entries valued at over $3.35 trillion—a 19.46% increase from FY 2021. The agency also collected approximately $104.6 billion in duties, a 22.42% increase over FY 2021. On the enforcement side, CBP stopped 3,605 shipments valued at $816.5 million for forced labor concerns, including 1,592 entries valued at nearly $500 million stopped under the UFLPA.

Freight Market News

Earthquake in Turkey and Syria Prompts Shipping Disruption

After a deadly 7.8 magnitude earthquake hit Turkey and Syria, the devastation is expected to impact global supply chains, according to The Loadstar. Docks at the Iskenderun Port in Turkey have collapsed and industry sources believe operations in other ports will be affected by power outages.

Factory Closures in Asia Drive Down Air Rates and Demand

As Lunar New Year prompts factory closures across Asia, Supply Chain Dive reports that air cargo rates and demand continue to slow down. Zeid Houssami, VP & Global Head of Air Freight at Flexport, speaks to the greater emphasis on the spot market as shippers establish new relationships with forwarders.

Flexport Research Updates

Weekly Economic Report: Lots of Jobs

The U.S. job market is moving at full speed. January saw the lowest unemployment rate since the late-1960s at 3.4%. Meanwhile, non-farm payroll employment rose by 517K over the same period. This situation is prompting many questions, including whether this bodes well, or ill, for the inflation situation.

A quick reminder: the weekly economic report is now its own newsletter! You can sign up here to have these insights delivered directly to your inbox each week.

Air Timeliness Indicator: TPEB ↑ @ 9.2 days, FEWB ↓ @ 10.9 days.

Ocean Timeliness Indicator: TPEB ↑ @ 68 days, FEWB ↓ @ 73 days.

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Please note that the information in our publications is compiled from a variety of sources based on the information we have to date. This information is provided to our community for informational purposes only, and we do not accept any liability or responsibility for reliance on the information contained herein.


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