Importing board games involves two types of requirements, depending on whether or not the game in question is meant for children.
If the game is explicitly marketed towards adults, the process is simple: With the proper code from the Harmonized Tariff Schedule (HS), a master list detailing the duties and taxes to be paid on all goods entering US ports, and the country of origin for your goods, you can estimate your rate of duty. Most board games fall under the code: 9504.90.6000, which is duty free. Then, you'll pay any applicable Merchandise Processing Fee (MPF) and Harbor Maintenance Fee (HMF), two common fees levied at US ports to assist with port upkeep and maintenance.
But if the games you’re importing are meant for children, other restrictions kick in. First, the code would likely fall under the 9503.00.00 heading, for children’s products. Secondly, there are additional regulations for children's products. But who decides what constitutes a children’s product (with all the regulations that entails) and what goes into making that decision?
What is a Children’s Product?
The Consumer Product Safety Commission (CPSC) has detailed the process it uses to determine if a product is directed towards children and so warrants extra requirements for their protection. Factors include:
If the game is designated a children’s product, a couple of extra requirements kick in. These requirements are detailed in the Age Determination Guidelines.
The Age Determination Guidelines detail the specifics for what kinds of testing procedures and safety standards children’s products must adhere to in order to enter the US market.
The CPSC also requires that toys, board games intended for children, and other children’s products be sent to third-party labs for testing, where they’re screened for lead, pthalates, and other harmful substances. A list of CPSC-approved labs can be found here.
Obtaining a Children’s Product Certificate (CPC)
Once your products have been tested, you must obtain a Children’s Product Certificate certifying that your goods meet all applicable safety standards. The certificate must:
In addition to the Children’s Product Certificate, the importer or manufacturer must have a tracking label. The label must be permanently attached to the packaging, and – where possible – the product itself. Requirements for the tracking label include:
More information about requirements for labeling children’s products can be found here.